Articles

Humanitarian costs of operations in FATA by AIMAL KHATTAK

 

 

Part -1

The news about the prevalence of high rates of Post Trauma Stress Disorder (PTSD) among tribesman is very alarming and once again it’s bringing the issue of humanitarian costs of conflict to lime light. Recently an article in national English daily of Pakistan reported that more than 40% of the FATA population is suffering from PTSD. For some local observers, this figure is not truly reflecting the state of mental disease in the conflict zones, the situation is far worse than that.

There is a need for analyzing humanitarian and political aspects of conflict in general and military operations in particular. No doubt in the results of operation, militancy has suffered significant losses and there is tangible decrease in terrorist activities all over the country. The bases and command and control structure of many terrorist outfits have been destroyed.

Unfortunately, both the non-state and state actors are equally responsible for the miseries of the people living in conflict zones. For more than ten years, the tribal areas witnessed more than 10 big operations for countering militancy. Military actions are still continuing in one or other form. Under the Rad ul Fasad operation, a major campaign is underway against militants in Rajgal Valley, Khyber Agency.

War science experts can better comment on and judge the military aspect of these operations but as far as it’s socio-economic, political costs are concerned the situation is very dismal and disappointing. But indiscriminate shelling instead of intelligence-based targeted actions, use of disproportionate force and massive displacement are some of the questions need to be answered by the experts.

As far as its humanitarian aspects are concerned, millions of people were displaced in FATA in the wake of the military operation. Main factors of the IDPs in Pakistan are militancy, fighting between non-state actors and security forces, sectarian violence and human rights violations. But military operations or fighting between militants and security forces is the major cause of internal displacement since 2004.

The return of IDPs in some conflict-hit areas is not yet completed. More than 40% of the population of FATA experienced some kind of displacement and even some of the IDPs experienced 4-5 times displacement. Internal displacement is one of the major issues, the country is faced with. Military actions caused wide displacement in FATA. But South and North Waziristan agency comparatively witnessed larger scale displacement.  The SWA IDPs return process was very slow. According to latest OCHA weekly update on FATA IDPs for July 22-29, 2017, total return rate is 85%. The IDPs return to SWA is very slow. Overall 66%, of the IDPs from Orakzai, 77% from Kurram and 82% from NWA so far returned.  Still some 44305 families including 18766 from SWA are still waiting for rerun.

The UN Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement is broader framework for the protection of rights of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) but in Pakistan it never get due consideration. For years the IDPs status of many displaced persons from conflict – hit areas particularly from South Waziristan and Kurram Agency was not officially recognized. Due to the complex nature of conflict in FATA, the serious issue of human rights violations is rarely made headlines in national media and publically debated upon. We can find some glimpses of gross human rights violation in social media.

The military operations in FATA and particularly North Waziristan have two aspects- internal as well as external. There was internal and external pressure for operation in Waziristan and even Pakistan’s all-weather friend China also exerted pressure for operation due to the alleged existence of some Chinese militants in border areas. No doubt, to great extent Zarb e Azb resulted in overcoming internal challenges. There is record decrease in militancy and militancy-linked crimes such as kidnapping for ransom and robbery. But the militancy-related concerns of regional actors are still intact. Despite operation Zarb e Azb and now Rad ul Fasad, the external pressure is still there for more concrete actions against militancy and insistence on “Do More”.

The social infrastructure is also badly affected. According to a report presented to National Assembly in December 16, 2015 some 166 schools in NWA, 139 in Khyber Agency and 55 in South Waziristan Agency.

Overall in economic terms the country suffered a lot because of the conflict. According to the State Bank of Pakis annual report  released  in November last year  the  extremist violence cost the country $118.3bn in direct and indirect losses from 2002  to 2016.

As far as militancy is concerned, it decreased significantly. Extremism, the mother of all social evils i.e. religious violence is still deeply rooted and no viable and comprehensive social, cultural, education and economic policy is in place for countering it. The use of force is only dealing with some of its symptoms rather causes.

There was enabling environment for anti-terrorism measures due to the growing public hatred and resentment against the terrorists particularly after the APS Peshawar terrorist attack in which some 140 school children were massacred by Taliban terrorists.

The National Action Plan (NAP) was developed by the government of Pakistan but it has not yet been fully implemented due to a host of reasons. NAP was not fully utilized due to civil-military tension, appeasement policy of religious lobbies and the policy of Good and Bad Taliban.

Facebook Comments
34 Comments

34 Comments

  1. Avatar

    quest bars cheap

    August 24, 2019 at 9:55 am

    Good respond in return of this query with real arguments and explaining the whole thing
    regarding that.

  2. Avatar

    quest bars cheap

    August 23, 2019 at 11:30 pm

    If you would like to obtain much from this paragraph then you have to apply these methods
    to your won weblog.

  3. Avatar

    quest bars cheap

    August 23, 2019 at 11:13 pm

    Thanks for the auspicious writeup. It if truth be told was
    once a amusement account it. Look complex to more delivered agreeable from you!

    By the way, how can we communicate?

  4. Avatar

    descargar facebook

    August 19, 2019 at 7:57 am

    Keep this going please, great job!

  5. Avatar

    minecraft games

    August 19, 2019 at 12:55 am

    Hi there! This post could not be written any better!
    Reading through this post reminds me of
    my previous room mate! He always kept talking about this.
    I will forward this article to him. Pretty sure he will have a good read.
    Thanks for sharing!

  6. Avatar

    descargar facebook

    August 18, 2019 at 11:00 am

    You could definitely see your expertise in the article you write.
    The world hopes for more passionate writers such
    as you who are not afraid to mention how they believe.

    All the time go after your heart.

  7. Avatar

    plenty of fish dating site

    August 13, 2019 at 3:58 pm

    Good post but I was wanting to know if you could write a litte more on this topic?

    I’d be very thankful if you could elaborate a little bit more.
    Thanks!

  8. Avatar

    fortnite aimbot free

    August 7, 2019 at 9:58 pm

    Ha, here from bing, this is what i was searching for.

  9. Avatar

    comprar levitra

    August 7, 2019 at 9:04 am

    Debe diferenciarse de otros problemas sexuales, como son la falta de deseo, las alteraciones de la eyaculación (eyaculación prematura, eyaculación retrasada y ausencia de eyaculación) o los trastornos del orgasmo.

  10. Avatar

    dating site

    August 1, 2019 at 9:34 pm

    Hi! I know this is kind of off-topic but I had to
    ask. Does building a well-established website like yours take a lot of
    work? I am brand new to writing a blog but I do write in my journal
    daily. I’d like to start a blog so I can share my experience
    and feelings online. Please let me know if you have any recommendations or tips for new
    aspiring bloggers. Appreciate it!

  11. Avatar

    pof https://natalielise.tumblr.com

    August 1, 2019 at 8:41 pm

    Hi there would you mind letting me know which web host you’re working with?
    I’ve loaded your blog in 3 completely different web browsers and I must
    say this blog loads a lot faster then most. Can you suggest a good web hosting provider at a honest price?
    Thanks a lot, I appreciate it! plenty of fish natalielise

  12. Avatar

    comprar cialis

    July 31, 2019 at 7:55 pm

    La disfunción eréctil o impotencia es un problema muy frustrante y traumático en todas las culturas, una de las secuelas más importantes de la disfunción eréctil es la depresión secundaria posterior. En cambio, los hombres que no presentan erecciones ni siquiera durante el sueño normalmente tienen algún problema orgánico.

  13. Avatar

    plenty of fish

    July 31, 2019 at 5:14 pm

    My coder is trying to convince me to move to .net from PHP.
    I have always disliked the idea because of the expenses. But he’s tryiong none
    the less. I’ve been using WordPress on various websites for about a year and am anxious about
    switching to another platform. I have heard fantastic things about blogengine.net.

    Is there a way I can transfer all my wordpress content into it?
    Any help would be greatly appreciated!

  14. Avatar

    plenty of fish

    July 31, 2019 at 3:57 pm

    Link exchange is nothing else except it is just
    placing the other person’s blog link on your page at suitable place and other
    person will also do same in support of you.

  15. Avatar

    plenty of fish

    July 30, 2019 at 12:39 pm

    Wonderful blog! I found it while searching on Yahoo News.
    Do you have any tips on how to get listed in Yahoo News? I’ve been trying for a while but I never seem to get there!

    Thanks

  16. Avatar

    smore.com

    July 26, 2019 at 11:53 am

    Greetings from Carolina! I’m bored to death at work so I decided to check out your blog on my
    iphone during lunch break. I really like the info you provide
    here and can’t wait to take a look when I get home.
    I’m surprised at how fast your blog loaded on my mobile ..
    I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyways, wonderful
    site! plenty of fish natalielise

  17. Avatar

    plenty of fish dating site

    July 25, 2019 at 10:59 am

    Woah! I’m really digging the template/theme of this blog.
    It’s simple, yet effective. A lot of times it’s very difficult to get that “perfect balance” between usability and
    visual appearance. I must say you’ve done a great job with this.
    Also, the blog loads extremely quick for me on Opera. Exceptional Blog!

  18. Avatar

    plenty of fish dating site

    July 23, 2019 at 8:05 am

    Hi there! I could have sworn I’ve been to your blog before but after going through some of the posts I realized it’s new to me.
    Anyways, I’m certainly pleased I stumbled upon it and I’ll be book-marking it and checking back often!

  19. Avatar

    natalielise

    July 22, 2019 at 8:29 pm

    Awesome blog! Do you have any recommendations for aspiring writers?
    I’m hoping to start my own site soon but I’m a little lost on everything.

    Would you propose starting with a free platform like
    Wordpress or go for a paid option? There are so many choices out there that I’m completely confused
    .. Any tips? Thank you! plenty of fish natalielise

  20. Avatar

    how to get help in windows 10

    July 21, 2019 at 10:04 am

    What a information of un-ambiguity and preserveness of valuable knowledge
    concerning unexpected emotions.

  21. Avatar

    plenty of fish dating site

    July 19, 2019 at 5:21 pm

    Howdy are using WordPress for your site platform? I’m new
    to the blog world but I’m trying to get started and create my own. Do
    you require any coding knowledge to make your own blog? Any help would
    be greatly appreciated!

  22. Avatar

    plenty of fish dating site

    July 19, 2019 at 8:33 am

    Very great post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wished to say
    that I have really enjoyed browsing your blog posts.

    After all I’ll be subscribing for your feed and I hope you write again very
    soon!

  23. Avatar

    plenty of fish dating site

    July 18, 2019 at 11:29 am

    I’d like to thank you for the efforts you’ve put in writing this blog.
    I’m hoping to view the same high-grade content by you later on as well.
    In fact, your creative writing abilities has encouraged me to get my own,
    personal blog now 😉

  24. Avatar

    how to get help in windows 10

    July 17, 2019 at 5:29 am

    I like the helpful information you provide on your articles.
    I will bookmark your weblog and take a look at once more right here regularly.
    I’m reasonably sure I will be informed plenty of new stuff right right here!
    Good luck for the following!

  25. Avatar

    how to get help in windows 10

    July 16, 2019 at 12:40 pm

    You are so cool! I do not believe I’ve truly read anything like that
    before. So great to find somebody with a few genuine thoughts on this topic.
    Really.. thanks for starting this up. This site is something that’s needed on the web, someone with some originality!

  26. Avatar

    plenty of fish dating site

    July 15, 2019 at 11:48 am

    Excellent write-up. I absolutely appreciate this website.

    Keep writing!

  27. Avatar

    quest bars cheap

    July 10, 2019 at 11:58 pm

    Hey! Do you know if they make any plugins to help with
    Search Engine Optimization? I’m trying to get my blog to rank for some targeted keywords
    but I’m not seeing very good gains. If you know of any please share.
    Thank you!

  28. Avatar

    quest bars cheap 2019 coupon

    July 9, 2019 at 5:14 am

    If you would like to take a great deal from this article then you have to apply such techniques to
    your won weblog.

  29. Avatar

    plenty of fish dating site

    June 22, 2019 at 6:01 am

    If some one wishes to be updated with newest technologies after that he must be pay
    a visit this site and be up to date all the time.

  30. Avatar

    tinyurl.com

    June 17, 2019 at 11:43 pm

    Hi, yes this paragraph is genuinely fastidious and I have learned lot of things from it concerning
    blogging. thanks.

  31. Avatar

    quest bars

    June 16, 2019 at 3:14 pm

    Thank you for any other informative blog. Where else may just I am getting
    that type of information written in such a perfect approach?
    I’ve a challenge that I am just now running on, and I have been at the look out for such info.

  32. Avatar

    quest bars cheap

    June 14, 2019 at 12:13 pm

    Good day I am so glad I found your weblog, I really found you by error,
    while I was searching on Askjeeve for something else,
    Regardless I am here now and would just like to say thanks
    a lot for a incredible post and a all round exciting blog (I also
    love the theme/design), I don’t have time to read through it
    all at the moment but I have saved it and also added your RSS feeds, so when I have
    time I will be back to read a lot more, Please do keep up the great work.

  33. Avatar

    ps4 best games ever made 2019

    June 12, 2019 at 11:52 am

    I think everything said was very reasonable. But, what about this?
    what if you added a little information? I ain’t saying your information isn’t good.,
    but suppose you added a post title that grabbed a person’s attention?
    I mean Humanitarian costs of operations in FATA by AIMAL KHATTAK – Dialogue Times is kinda vanilla.
    You could peek at Yahoo’s home page and watch how they create article headlines to get viewers
    to open the links. You might add a video or a related pic or two to get people
    excited about everything’ve got to say. Just my opinion, it might make your website a little livelier.

  34. Avatar

    tinyurl.com

    June 10, 2019 at 5:11 am

    This info is priceless. Where can I find out more?

You must be logged in to post a comment Login

Leave a Reply

To Top
Shares