Humanitarian costs of operations in FATA by AIMAL KHATTAK



Part -1

The news about the prevalence of high rates of Post Trauma Stress Disorder (PTSD) among tribesman is very alarming and once again it’s bringing the issue of humanitarian costs of conflict to lime light. Recently an article in national English daily of Pakistan reported that more than 40% of the FATA population is suffering from PTSD. For some local observers, this figure is not truly reflecting the state of mental disease in the conflict zones, the situation is far worse than that.

There is a need for analyzing humanitarian and political aspects of conflict in general and military operations in particular. No doubt in the results of operation, militancy has suffered significant losses and there is tangible decrease in terrorist activities all over the country. The bases and command and control structure of many terrorist outfits have been destroyed.

Unfortunately, both the non-state and state actors are equally responsible for the miseries of the people living in conflict zones. For more than ten years, the tribal areas witnessed more than 10 big operations for countering militancy. Military actions are still continuing in one or other form. Under the Rad ul Fasad operation, a major campaign is underway against militants in Rajgal Valley, Khyber Agency.

War science experts can better comment on and judge the military aspect of these operations but as far as it’s socio-economic, political costs are concerned the situation is very dismal and disappointing. But indiscriminate shelling instead of intelligence-based targeted actions, use of disproportionate force and massive displacement are some of the questions need to be answered by the experts.

As far as its humanitarian aspects are concerned, millions of people were displaced in FATA in the wake of the military operation. Main factors of the IDPs in Pakistan are militancy, fighting between non-state actors and security forces, sectarian violence and human rights violations. But military operations or fighting between militants and security forces is the major cause of internal displacement since 2004.

The return of IDPs in some conflict-hit areas is not yet completed. More than 40% of the population of FATA experienced some kind of displacement and even some of the IDPs experienced 4-5 times displacement. Internal displacement is one of the major issues, the country is faced with. Military actions caused wide displacement in FATA. But South and North Waziristan agency comparatively witnessed larger scale displacement.  The SWA IDPs return process was very slow. According to latest OCHA weekly update on FATA IDPs for July 22-29, 2017, total return rate is 85%. The IDPs return to SWA is very slow. Overall 66%, of the IDPs from Orakzai, 77% from Kurram and 82% from NWA so far returned.  Still some 44305 families including 18766 from SWA are still waiting for rerun.

The UN Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement is broader framework for the protection of rights of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) but in Pakistan it never get due consideration. For years the IDPs status of many displaced persons from conflict – hit areas particularly from South Waziristan and Kurram Agency was not officially recognized. Due to the complex nature of conflict in FATA, the serious issue of human rights violations is rarely made headlines in national media and publically debated upon. We can find some glimpses of gross human rights violation in social media.

The military operations in FATA and particularly North Waziristan have two aspects- internal as well as external. There was internal and external pressure for operation in Waziristan and even Pakistan’s all-weather friend China also exerted pressure for operation due to the alleged existence of some Chinese militants in border areas. No doubt, to great extent Zarb e Azb resulted in overcoming internal challenges. There is record decrease in militancy and militancy-linked crimes such as kidnapping for ransom and robbery. But the militancy-related concerns of regional actors are still intact. Despite operation Zarb e Azb and now Rad ul Fasad, the external pressure is still there for more concrete actions against militancy and insistence on “Do More”.

The social infrastructure is also badly affected. According to a report presented to National Assembly in December 16, 2015 some 166 schools in NWA, 139 in Khyber Agency and 55 in South Waziristan Agency.

Overall in economic terms the country suffered a lot because of the conflict. According to the State Bank of Pakis annual report  released  in November last year  the  extremist violence cost the country $118.3bn in direct and indirect losses from 2002  to 2016.

As far as militancy is concerned, it decreased significantly. Extremism, the mother of all social evils i.e. religious violence is still deeply rooted and no viable and comprehensive social, cultural, education and economic policy is in place for countering it. The use of force is only dealing with some of its symptoms rather causes.

There was enabling environment for anti-terrorism measures due to the growing public hatred and resentment against the terrorists particularly after the APS Peshawar terrorist attack in which some 140 school children were massacred by Taliban terrorists.

The National Action Plan (NAP) was developed by the government of Pakistan but it has not yet been fully implemented due to a host of reasons. NAP was not fully utilized due to civil-military tension, appeasement policy of religious lobbies and the policy of Good and Bad Taliban.

Facebook Comments


  1. Health Benefits of Coconut Oil

    October 21, 2018 at 9:31 pm

    I am not sure where you’re getting your information, but great topic.
    I needs to spend some time learning much more or understanding more.
    Thanks for fantastic information I was looking for this info for my mission.

  2. Benefits of Coconut Oil

    October 19, 2018 at 10:09 pm

    I always used to read piece of writing in news papers but
    now as I am a user of web therefore from now I am using net for posts, thanks to web.

  3. minecraft secret free download

    October 18, 2018 at 2:36 pm

    I’m more than happy to discover this web site. I need to to thank you for
    ones time for this particularly wonderful read!! I definitely loved every bit of
    it and i also have you bookmarked to check out new stuff on your blog.

  4. tinder dating site

    October 17, 2018 at 11:17 pm

    Great weblog right here! Also your site so much up fast!
    What host are you using? Can I am getting your associate link in your
    host? I want my web site loaded up as quickly as yours lol

  5. tinder dating site

    October 16, 2018 at 2:27 pm

    You really make it seem so easy with your presentation but I find this topic to be really something which I think I would never understand.
    It seems too complex and very broad for me. I’m looking forward for your next post, I will
    try to get the hang of it!

  6. minecraft free download 2018

    October 11, 2018 at 1:27 pm

    Thanks for your personal marvelous posting! I truly enjoyed
    reading it, you’re a great author.I will remember to bookmark your blog and will eventually come back someday.
    I want to encourage you to definitely continue your great posts,
    have a nice evening!

  7. minecraft free download 2018

    October 9, 2018 at 5:11 pm

    That is a great tip particularly to those fresh to the blogosphere.
    Short but very accurate info… Thank you for sharing this one.
    A must read post!

  8. minecraft free download 2018

    October 8, 2018 at 9:51 am

    I have read so many articles or reviews concerning the blogger lovers but this paragraph is truly
    a good paragraph, keep it up.

  9. minecraft

    October 7, 2018 at 7:33 pm

    Good day! I know this is kind of off topic but I was wondering if you knew where I could find a captcha plugin for my comment form?
    I’m using the same blog platform as yours and I’m having difficulty finding one?

    Thanks a lot!

  10. minecraft

    October 6, 2018 at 11:50 am

    Hi there, yeah this piece of writing is truly good and I have
    learned lot of things from it concerning blogging. thanks.

  11. Grizzly

    October 5, 2018 at 6:23 pm

    I will be putting this dalizzng insight to good use in no time.

  12. Popcorn

    April 14, 2018 at 9:18 pm

    Would you like some popcorn?

  13. Old People Getting Drunk

    April 14, 2018 at 1:42 am

    No one can ever say this site is boring!

  14. Much Needed Vacation

    April 13, 2018 at 8:57 pm

    Way to go Edward. This blog is amazing!

  15. top board games for kids

    April 13, 2018 at 5:58 pm

    Thank you a bunch for sharing this with all of us you actually know what you are talking approximately! Bookmarked. Kindly additionally discuss with my web site =). We will have a link trade contract among us!

  16. Thank you for visiting

    April 13, 2018 at 3:43 pm

    Don’t forget the grilled onions!

  17. Blogger Listening to Music

    April 13, 2018 at 2:31 pm

    Where do you buy all your hardware?

  18. Guy Looking at Old Paper

    April 10, 2018 at 12:02 pm

    Way to go on making a great site!

  19. Touch Typing

    April 8, 2018 at 10:29 pm

    Save up your money for a rainy day.

  20. Lady Smiling

    April 8, 2018 at 3:36 pm

    I came to the same exact conclusion as you did.

  21. Wine Drinkers

    April 7, 2018 at 5:48 pm

    This was a feast for the eyes!

  22. Man in a cornfield

    April 6, 2018 at 2:05 pm

    It sure took a lot of research to make an article like this.

  23. 网站

    March 10, 2018 at 7:31 pm

    465699 76977Ive just been talking to Sean Gallagher about his upcoming Instant Income Cash Machine course, and hes been kind enough to fill me in on a couple of details regarding his upcoming course. 149151

  24. CPNS 2018 Kota Cilegon

    February 27, 2018 at 10:14 am

    477605 132803An intriguing discussion will probably be worth comment. I believe that you simply write a lot much more about this subject, it may become a taboo subject but usually consumers are inadequate to communicate in on such topics. To yet another. Cheers 499172

  25. 卷筒纸

    February 27, 2018 at 12:35 am

    874641 134683Private Krankenversicherung – Nur dann, wenn Sie sich fr die Absicherung ber die Rentenversicherung entschieden haben, dann knnen Sie sich sicher sein, dass Sie im Alter so viel Geld haben, damit Sie Ihren Lebensstandard halten knnen. 601938

  26. pendaftar cpns 2018

    February 25, 2018 at 8:00 am

    817524 410352light bulbs are great for lighting the home but stay away from incandescent lamps because they produce so significantly heat;; 81190

  27. UK Chat

    February 12, 2018 at 8:30 pm

    569630 550681Fantastic post man, maintain the good function, just shared this with my friendz 387053

  28. wedding planning companies in hyderabad

    February 12, 2018 at 7:37 am

    249965 45540Hello I located the No cost Simple Shopping Icons Download | Design, Tech and Internet post very interesting therefore Ive included our track-back for it on my own webpage, continue the great job:) 255936

  29. 519782 654684I undoubtedly did not realize that. Learnt 1 thing new today! Thanks for that. 678102

  30. more helpful hints

    February 5, 2018 at 12:50 pm

    591223 41630There is noticeably a bundle to learn about this. I assume you made specific good points in attributes also. 9977

  31. warehouse for rent

    January 27, 2018 at 4:30 pm

    950705 240828I like this weblog it is a master piece! Glad I discovered this on google. 651228

  32. program bidikmisi 2018

    January 26, 2018 at 2:28 am

    693415 197281Hi, you used to write excellent articles, but the last several posts have been kinda boring I miss your tremendous posts. Past couple of posts are just slightly out of track! 619729

  33. 834724 751460I recognize there is a superb deal of spam on this website. Do you need to have aid cleaning them up? I could support in between courses! 201892

  34. uodiyala

    January 17, 2018 at 10:16 pm

    163520 804895Up to now, you require to term of hire an absolute truck or van and will also be removal equipments to valuable items plus look at the new destination. From the long run, which finish up with are few items except anxiety moreover stress and anxiety. removals stockport 924090

  35. pendaftaran cpns 2018

    December 30, 2017 at 1:07 pm

    352934 121329This is the suitable weblog for anybody who needs to seek out out about this topic. You notice so considerably its virtually laborious to argue with you (not that I actually would wantHaHa). You undoubtedly put a brand new spin on a subject thats been written about for years. Fantastic stuff, just excellent! 740453

  36. kemenpan pengumuman cpns

    December 29, 2017 at 4:33 pm

    298039 593080Yeah bookmaking this wasnt a bad conclusion great post! . 227491

  37. dinas komunikasi dan informatika kota bandung

    December 24, 2017 at 3:10 am

    124184 384601Aw, this was an exceptionally good post. In concept I would like to spot in writing such as this moreover – spending time and actual effort to create a excellent article but so what can I say I procrastinate alot via no indicates find a strategy to go completed. 96594

  38. Aws for Seo

    December 20, 2017 at 3:14 pm

    822272 228732Following study several with the blog articles for your internet site now, and i also genuinely such as your strategy for blogging. I bookmarked it to my bookmark internet site list and are checking back soon. Pls take a appear at my internet page in addition and tell me what you believe. 344532

  39. ADME Studies and Services

    December 18, 2017 at 2:47 pm

    139961 99541Sweet site , super pattern , rattling clean and use friendly . 558337

  40. الانسانية ديالى

    December 10, 2017 at 12:36 am

    259013 178399I gotta favorite this website it seems invaluable very helpful 4071

  41. Best Engineer Aws Alkhazraji coehuman

    December 3, 2017 at 3:05 am

    965542 754712cleaning supplies ought to have earth friendly organic ingredients so that they do not harm the environment 149550

  42. Coehumanl

    November 29, 2017 at 11:01 pm

    196284 153987Hello there, I discovered your blog by way of Google at the same time as looking for a comparable topic, your site got here up, it seems to be fantastic. Ive bookmarked it in my google bookmarks. 7840


    November 29, 2017 at 11:59 am

    483130 666812You produced some decent points there. I looked on the net for any difficulty and located most individuals goes along with together together with your internet site. 563771

  44. lose weight xiaxue

    November 20, 2017 at 11:52 pm

    98822 950847You may be websites successful individuals, it comes effortlessly, therefore you also earn you see, the jealousy of all of the ones a lot of journeymen surrounding you could have challenges within this challenge. motor movers 617179

  45. Wedding Organizers in Hyderabad

    November 19, 2017 at 9:12 am

    944719 650146if this post was likened to a flavor of yogurt, what flavor would it be? Banana, I think. 983179

  46. Hyderabad Event Management Companies

    November 10, 2017 at 4:38 pm

    194747 914996I truly appreciate this post. Ive been searching all over for this! Thank goodness I identified it on Bing. Youve made my day! Thank you once again.. 92352

  47. Diyala Engineering

    November 2, 2017 at 6:41 pm

    497021 445886Aw, it was an incredibly great post. In thought I would like to set up writing related to this in addition – taking time and actual effort to create a extremely great article but exactly what do I say I procrastinate alot and also no indicates manage to go done. 680460

  48. Aws Alkhazraji the best Engineer X

    October 27, 2017 at 10:36 pm

    395104 4314I genuinely enjoyed this. It was incredibly educational and useful. I will return to examine on upcoming posts 103671

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

To Top