Guest Articles

“Partition didn’t do to the Muslims what ‘secular’ India has done” by ASAD ZAIDI

In the small Rajput state of Karauli (in eastern Rajasthan), ruled from the Sultanate era by largely non-literate Jadon rulers claiming direct descent from Lord Krishna, freedom and partition both arrived late.

The freedom came as the news of India’s declaration of Independence, causing serious anxiety among the sections of the population associated with or dependent on the durbar. The general populace felt some excitement for a few days and settled back in their old ways, waiting to see how things would pan out.

 The news of the partition, however, had a far more immediate impact.

There were violent attacks on the Muslim populations, rural and urban, in the adjoining Jat state of Bharatpur, clearly initiated by the state forces. Many families came looking for shelter with their relatives living in Karauli.

The events in Bharatpur, that were reaching a level of ethnic cleansing, were strongly disliked by the people in Karauli as well as the Raj durbar. The Karauli durbar strictly forbade any action by word or deed against the Muslims living in the realm.

Many Muslim families from the areas of Bharatpur, who survived the violence, some of them relatives on my father’s side, eventually migrated to Pakistan. Within a few years, they lost touch with us. They all were too preoccupied with survival issues in the small towns and rural locations in the interiors of west Punjab and Sindh.

By the time I was born they were half forgotten. When I grew up a bit, I found that only my grandmother would speak of these forgotten relatives – no one else knew or remembered.

Bharatpur and Karauli, Alwar and Jaipur presented a stark contrast to the rest of India at the critical juncture of 1947-48. The clear lesson that Muslims in these areas learnt was that the personal, political and ideological predilections of a ruler, or ruling group, can determine the fate of large populations in the event of inter-religious strife and contestation.

They reached the firm conclusion – “If the rulers are secular, secularism shall prevail”. Nothing would shake this belief.


As a teenager, I often heard my father, maternal uncle and their friends talk of Nehru, Maulana Azad and Sardar Patel (Jawaharlal, Abulkalam and Patel in their conversation).

They considered Nehru as an icon of secularism, a guarantor of social peace and justice – “Jab tak Nehru hai, Musalman ke sath na-insafi nahin hogi (As long as Nehru is there, there will be no injustice against the Muslims)”. Maulana Azad was seen as a noble scholar but an ineffectual politician, unable to take on his rivals, letting Jinnah take the lead.

Nehru’s performance on national and international stage was favourably commented upon. They saw Nehru as the saviour and the real visionary. They trusted him. They admired Patel as a tough administrator, a great enforcer with a single flaw – that he was rabidly anti-Muslim. My uncle would often say: “Bahut qabil tha, ek hi kami thi ki Musalman ke khoon ka pyasa tha. (He was very capable, but the only shortcoming he had was that he bayed for Muslim blood).”

Life went on. Muslims in my town were not wrong in their belief in the secular guarantee implied in the new constitutional order. They saw themselves roughly at the same location as most other people. They managed as well as anybody from a similar socio-economic profile from other communities.

By 1970s, however, this guarantee was no longer there and the Muslims seemed to sense it. Now there was no distinction between areas where Partition had seen violence and where it hadn’t. This was true across the country. The Nehruvian order had given way.

The competitiveness over resources, over jobs, and political assertiveness of OBCs, Dalits, regional blocks, and the activism around reservation left the Muslims out as bystanders with no claim.

For Muslims to demand or claim anything as a community was simply seen as dangerous communalism, it could remind everybody of Partition and divisiveness. The dramatic decline in their socio-economic profile and systematic discrimination against them in all walks of life did not register with the Indian state or the political parties across the spectrum.

It is another matter that the Hindutva forces had started asserting the religious identity precisely during these decades.


Two kinds of Muslim politicians found acceptance within the system – the ones who would prove their ‘secularism’ by pandering to the existing biases about Muslims and keeping aloof from their plight; and the ones who appear to be rabble rousers and ‘identitarians’ but are primarily middlemen seeking favour with the system.

There has been an unspoken consensus among liberals that Muslims as people do not need politics or political representation. They should be kept out.

Sachar Committee Report did document the state of the Muslims in India. Yet things remained the same – in fact, they even worsened under the new economic dispensation. The systematic communal killings that have dotted the map of post-Independence India, the collusion of the state machinery in the genocidal violence, the comprehensive attack on their culture, food, dress, appearance, small means of livelihood have gradually pushed them to the wall.

The anti-Muslim hate campaigns and the bogey of ‘terrorism’ is a thriving joint enterprise by the state institutions, political groups and media. Hatred and prejudice against them had not triumphed so much in the history of India before this, not even during the worst times of Partition which involved hundreds of thousands dead and millions displaced. The complicity of media, liberal intelligentsia and large parts of the populace had never been so enormous.

This is not just a consequence or the legacy of history – Partition and the barbarity that accompanied it, or the after-effects of ‘divide and rule’. It is the rise of the anti-secular state.

All the symptoms of fascism and Nazism are on display, and Muslims are the natural ‘other’ that fascism requires. Our intelligentsia, including some faces on the Parliamentary Left, do recognise the symptoms but deny the disease.

If you talk about the state of terrible siege Muslims face all over northern and western India, they will say it is not just about Muslims. Sure, but they are its worst victims. But what about…Whataboutery is the simplest escape route.

In many areas, it has become impossible for Muslims to venture out without apprehension, free from a sense of danger. Public spaces, avenues of public expression have shrunk like never before. This is where the Muslims stand today, with India at 70, at a very different location from the Hindu majority, and a place very different from the other minorities.

Related imageAsad Zaidi, a well-known Hindi poet, runs Three Essays Collective, an independent publishing house.

Courtesy: Catchnews

Facebook Comments


  1. Free Auto Approve List 7-15-2018

    July 15, 2018 at 4:10 pm

    I hope you all are having a great weekend. I added a new list. This one is smaller, but still useful. I think the next one will be bigger.

  2. Enochian

    July 15, 2018 at 12:54 am

    This is one awesome article post.Really looking forward to read more. Great.

  3. download youtube mp3

    July 14, 2018 at 11:36 am

    “You have mentioned very interesting points ! ps nice internet site .”

  4. bullet massager

    July 14, 2018 at 12:48 am

    I am so grateful for your blog.Much thanks again. Will read on…

  5. Free Auto Approve List 7-12-2018

    July 12, 2018 at 11:12 pm

    I’ve just added a fresh new list. This is by far the biggest list to date. I hope you all are having a great week. Take care and happy link building.

  6. clit suction

    July 12, 2018 at 6:39 am

    I truly appreciate this article. Awesome.

  7. Vikki Knoblock

    July 11, 2018 at 2:46 pm

    Do you mind if I quote a few of your articles as long as I provide credit and sources back to your blog? My blog is in the very same area of interest as yours and my users would really benefit from a lot of the information you present here. Please let me know if this okay with you. Thank you!|

  8. Arabic translation

    July 11, 2018 at 4:11 am

    A round of applause for your post.Much thanks again. Want more.

  9. Mose Pontillo

    July 11, 2018 at 12:09 am

    I like the helpful information you provide in your articles. I’ll bookmark your blog and take a look at once more here regularly. I am reasonably sure I will be told plenty of new stuff right right here! Good luck for the following!|

  10. Damion Dardar

    July 10, 2018 at 3:29 pm

    Hello there, just became aware of your blog through Google, and found that it’s really informative. I’m gonna watch out for brussels. I’ll appreciate if you continue this in future. Many people will be benefited from your writing. Cheers!|

  11. Windeln Babys

    July 9, 2018 at 6:06 pm

    “I appreciate you sharing this blog.Much thanks again.”

  12. coverband berlin

    July 4, 2018 at 7:48 pm

    “I am really impressed with your writing skills as well as with the layout on your blog. Is this a paid theme or did you customize it yourself? Anyway keep up the nice quality writing, it’s rare to see a nice blog like this one today..”

  13. vinod reviews

    July 3, 2018 at 8:11 pm

    Im obliged for the post. Keep writing.

  14. fitness fГјr zuhause

    July 3, 2018 at 1:13 pm

    “Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wanted to say that I have truly enjoyed browsing your blog posts. After all I will be subscribing to your rss feed and I hope you write again very soon!”

  15. Parfümöl auftragen

    July 2, 2018 at 10:35 pm

    “A round of applause for your blog article.Really thank you! Fantastic.”

  16. Parfümöl

    July 2, 2018 at 10:16 pm

    “Thanks for sharing excellent informations. Your web site is very cool. I am impressed by the details that you have on this website. It reveals how nicely you understand this subject. Bookmarked this web page, will come back for extra articles. You, my pal, ROCK! I found simply the information I already searched all over the place and just could not come across. What a perfect web site.”

  17. Magician Zodiacs

    July 1, 2018 at 3:46 pm

    Thanks for sharing, this is a fantastic post.Much thanks again. Will read on…

  18. Albanil barato

    July 1, 2018 at 9:17 am

    “Im obliged for the blog article.Really looking forward to read more.”

  19. best vibrator for couples

    June 30, 2018 at 4:09 pm

    Awesome blog.Really thank you! Cool.

  20. Reforma de instalacion electrica Vitoria

    June 30, 2018 at 1:30 pm

    “I cannot thank you enough for the article.Really looking forward to read more. Awesome.”

  21. “A big thank you for your blog article.Really looking forward to read more. Awesome.”

  22. SaferVPN review

    June 29, 2018 at 9:19 pm

    “This is my first time go to see at here and i am truly impressed to read all at one place.”

  23. de pintura Vitoria

    June 29, 2018 at 5:55 pm

    “Thanks for the sensible critique. Me and my neighbor were just preparing to do a little research on this. We got a grab a book from our local library but I think I learned more clear from this post. I am very glad to see such great information being shared freely out there.”

  24. silicone vibrating dildo

    June 29, 2018 at 10:37 am

    Im grateful for the article.Much thanks again. Much obliged.

  25. best cure for toenail fungus

    June 29, 2018 at 12:40 am

    Thanks again for the article. Really Cool.

  26. computer brands

    June 28, 2018 at 10:21 am

    I appreciate you sharing this blog post.Really looking forward to read more. Want more.

  27. unboxing and review

    June 27, 2018 at 8:26 pm

    “Very good blog post.Really looking forward to read more. Much obliged.”

  28. g spot vibrator rechargeable power

    June 27, 2018 at 7:52 pm

    Wow, great article post.

  29. real twitter followers

    June 27, 2018 at 11:17 am

    Thanks-a-mundo for the post.Much thanks again. Fantastic.

  30. nirvana 350 triple

    June 26, 2018 at 9:38 pm

    “Very neat blog article.Really thank you! Fantastic.”

  31. eebest8

    June 25, 2018 at 5:20 pm

    “Very neat blog article.Really thank you! Cool.”

  32. Murray Spearing

    June 18, 2018 at 3:15 pm

    I like the helpful info you provide in your articles. I will bookmark your weblog and check again here frequently. I’m quite certain I’ll learn many new stuff right here! Best of luck for the next!|

  33. Ned Baruch

    June 18, 2018 at 11:46 am

    Hi there, I check your blogs like every week. Your humoristic style is awesome, keep it up!|

  34. Bernard Widdop

    June 17, 2018 at 11:26 pm

    Link exchange is nothing else but it is only placing the other person’s website link on your page at proper place and other person will also do similar in favor of you.|

  35. Christel Bew

    June 16, 2018 at 1:04 pm

    Hi there just wanted to give you a brief heads up and let you know a few of the images aren’t loading properly. I’m not sure why but I think its a linking issue. I’ve tried it in two different internet browsers and both show the same results.|

  36. Amina Maddux

    June 15, 2018 at 8:57 pm

    Hello, Neat post. There’s an issue along with your site in internet explorer, might check this? IE nonetheless is the marketplace chief and a big element of other folks will leave out your magnificent writing because of this problem.|

  37. Colin Jelinek

    June 15, 2018 at 1:56 pm

    Great blog you have here but I was curious if you knew of any message boards that cover the same topics discussed in this article? I’d really like to be a part of community where I can get feed-back from other knowledgeable individuals that share the same interest. If you have any recommendations, please let me know. Appreciate it!|

  38. Bryan Lucke

    June 15, 2018 at 9:35 am

    Just desire to say your article is as astonishing. The clearness in your submit is simply great and i could assume you’re a professional in this subject. Fine with your permission allow me to snatch your RSS feed to keep updated with coming near near post. Thank you one million and please carry on the rewarding work.|

  39. Joellen Romanchuk

    June 15, 2018 at 12:06 am

    continuously i used to read smaller posts which also clear their motive, and that is also happening with this article which I am reading here.|

  40. Sophia Chamble

    June 14, 2018 at 9:45 pm

    Hey! This is my first visit to your blog! We are a group of volunteers and starting a new initiative in a community in the same niche. Your blog provided us useful information to work on. You have done a outstanding job!|

  41. Tobias Makhija

    June 14, 2018 at 5:22 pm

    Remarkable! Its genuinely awesome article, I have got much clear idea concerning from this piece of writing.|

  42. Wallace Seabreeze

    June 14, 2018 at 2:00 pm

    I got this website from my buddy who told me regarding this web page and now this time I am browsing this site and reading very informative posts at this time.|

  43. Shiloh Maine

    June 14, 2018 at 9:02 am

    Hello there! Do you use Twitter? I’d like to follow you if that would be ok. I’m undoubtedly enjoying your blog and look forward to new updates.|

  44. Ronny Hilbig

    June 14, 2018 at 5:24 am

    Good way of describing, and nice post to take information regarding my presentation subject matter, which i am going to present in university.|

  45. Salvatore Mathen

    June 14, 2018 at 12:49 am

    Wow, this paragraph is good, my sister is analyzing these kinds of things, therefore I am going to let know her.|

  46. Nigel Breton

    June 13, 2018 at 9:32 pm

    Greetings! I’ve been following your site for a long time now and finally got the courage to go ahead and give you a shout out from Kingwood Tx! Just wanted to mention keep up the excellent work!|

  47. Suanne Jagoe

    June 13, 2018 at 1:38 pm

    Every weekend i used to pay a quick visit this site, for the reason that i want enjoyment, as this this website conations genuinely good funny material too.|

  48. Manie Woode

    June 13, 2018 at 11:25 am

    Excellent beat ! I would like to apprentice at the same time as you amend your web site, how could i subscribe for a weblog website? The account aided me a acceptable deal. I had been tiny bit acquainted of this your broadcast offered vivid clear concept|

  49. Shalon Vanhyning

    June 13, 2018 at 5:32 am

    That is a great tip particularly to those fresh to the blogosphere. Simple but very accurate info… Many thanks for sharing this one. A must read post!|

  50. Dannielle Daliva

    June 13, 2018 at 12:26 am

    I am really enjoying the theme/design of your weblog. Do you ever run into any web browser compatibility problems? A couple of my blog readers have complained about my blog not working correctly in Explorer but looks great in Opera. Do you have any recommendations to help fix this issue?|

  51. Lynwood Delana

    June 12, 2018 at 5:18 pm

    Thank you for another informative web site. The place else could I am getting that type of info written in such a perfect approach? I’ve a mission that I’m just now operating on, and I have been on the look out for such info.|

  52. Tara Meisch

    June 12, 2018 at 3:00 pm

    Unquestionably believe that which you said. Your favorite reason seemed to be on the internet the easiest thing to be aware of. I say to you, I definitely get irked while people think about worries that they plainly don’t know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top and also defined out the whole thing without having side-effects , people could take a signal. Will likely be back to get more. Thanks|

  53. Jeffrey Pellon

    June 12, 2018 at 11:22 am

    Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems as though you relied on the video to make your point. You clearly know what youre talking about, why throw away your intelligence on just posting videos to your weblog when you could be giving us something informative to read?|

  54. Tomi Trego

    June 12, 2018 at 7:51 am

    I really like your blog.. very nice colors & theme. Did you make this website yourself or did you hire someone to do it for you? Plz reply as I’m looking to design my own blog and would like to know where u got this from. thanks a lot|

  55. Robin Kesby

    June 11, 2018 at 11:58 pm

    I don’t know whether it’s just me or if everybody else encountering issues with your site. It seems like some of the text in your posts are running off the screen. Can someone else please provide feedback and let me know if this is happening to them as well? This could be a problem with my browser because I’ve had this happen previously. Cheers|

  56. George Sachez

    June 11, 2018 at 11:08 am

    Appreciate this post. Let me try it out.|

  57. Joaquin Foxhoven

    June 11, 2018 at 12:18 am

    Hello! Quick question that’s totally off topic. Do you know how to make your site mobile friendly? My site looks weird when browsing from my iphone. I’m trying to find a template or plugin that might be able to fix this problem. If you have any recommendations, please share. Thanks!|

  58. website link

    May 5, 2018 at 2:41 am

    I simply want to say I’m very new to blogs and actually liked your web page. Likely I’m want to bookmark your site . You certainly come with incredible well written articles. Thanks for sharing your blog site.

  59. 主页11sd1

    April 17, 2018 at 12:31 am

    99095 323523Audio began playing when I opened this website, so annoying! 131462

  60. Messy People Eating Snacks

    April 15, 2018 at 10:03 am

    These two are some real messy eaters!

  61. Popcorn

    April 14, 2018 at 11:46 pm

    Would you like some popcorn?

  62. Old People Getting Drunk

    April 14, 2018 at 3:39 am

    No one can ever say this site is boring!

  63. Much Needed Vacation

    April 13, 2018 at 10:56 pm

    Way to go Edward. This blog is amazing!

  64. Thank you for visiting

    April 13, 2018 at 6:08 pm

    Don’t forget the grilled onions!

  65. puzzle games

    April 13, 2018 at 5:52 pm

    Good write-up, I’m normal visitor of one’s site, maintain up the excellent operate, and It’s going to be a regular visitor for a lengthy time.

  66. Office Picture

    April 13, 2018 at 1:33 pm

    Have yourself a very good day!

  67. Blogger Listening to Music

    April 13, 2018 at 1:14 pm

    Where do you buy all your hardware?

  68. Fake Shoes

    April 13, 2018 at 10:29 am

    Try not to laugh!

  69. Grocery Delivery

    April 12, 2018 at 11:43 am

    Don’t blink or you’ll miss something.

  70. Bad Stock Trader

    April 10, 2018 at 11:45 am

    Way to go on making a great site!

  71. Online Brand Management Services

    April 9, 2018 at 8:04 am

    480930 624262Directories such given that the Yellow Websites require not list them, so unlisted numbers strength sometimes be alive much more harm than financial assistance. 591305

  72. Typing With One Finger

    April 8, 2018 at 9:37 pm

    You can say that again!

  73. Happy Lady

    April 8, 2018 at 12:43 pm

    Can whales get fleas?

  74. Old Wine Lovers

    April 7, 2018 at 5:25 pm

    I think these old wine lovers would enjoy your post.

  75. Man in a cornfield

    April 6, 2018 at 10:21 pm

    Ice cream sure sounds good right about now.

  76. 검증사이트

    March 26, 2018 at 12:35 pm

    231265 483130I think your suggestion would be useful for me. I will let you know if its work for me too. Thank you for sharing this beautiful articles. thanks a lot 162277

  77. 卷筒纸

    March 19, 2018 at 12:41 pm

    955512 140877Hello! Someone in my Facebook group shared this internet site with us so I came to look it over. Im definitely enjoying the details. Im book-marking and will be tweeting this to my followers! Outstanding weblog and superb style and design. 732676

  78. 网站1

    March 17, 2018 at 3:12 am

    264266 578891I usually cant uncover it in me to care enough to leaves a comment for articles on the internet but this was really pretty excellent, thanks and keep it up, Ill check back once more 326021

  79. 主页

    March 10, 2018 at 5:53 pm

    190084 973051This will be a terrific blog, could you be interested in doing an interview regarding how you developed it? If so e-mail me! 155866

  80. warehouse for sale

    March 9, 2018 at 4:24 pm

    27396 341974I surely didnt know that. Learnt 1 thing new these days! Thanks for that. 360526

  81. empresa informatica

    March 7, 2018 at 12:52 pm

    387720 457448Would adore to always get updated fantastic web site ! . 960541

  82. Stix Event Management Company in Hyderabad

    February 1, 2018 at 7:30 am

    363224 501339I just want to tell you that Im really new to weblog and honestly liked this web website. Much more than likely Im preparing to bookmark your blog post . You undoubtedly come with exceptional articles and reviews. Bless you for sharing your web website. 108805

  83. empresa informática

    January 11, 2018 at 6:47 pm

    867671 764940Actually your creative writing abilities has inspired me to get my own web site now. Actually the blogging is spreading its wings fast. Your write up is a good example of it. 711408

  84. tes cpns berapa tahun sekali

    January 9, 2018 at 9:36 am

    318792 896229Soon after I initially commented I clicked the -Notify me when new feedback are added- checkbox and now each time a remark is added I get four emails with the same comment. Is there any method youll be able to take away me from that service? Thanks! 236227

  85. iraqiii law

    December 26, 2017 at 6:50 am

    572739 663330Good post, properly put together. Thanks. I will likely be back soon to check out for updates. Cheers 24275

  86. Arab Seo

    December 26, 2017 at 1:46 am

    690877 532311need to do very first? Most entrepreneurs are so overwhelmed with their online business plans that 499328

  87. DMPK Studies Labs

    November 20, 2017 at 10:28 am

    780915 269125I discovered your weblog internet site on bing and appearance several of your early posts. Preserve up the extremely very good operate. I just now additional the RSS feed to my MSN News Reader. Seeking toward reading far much more on your part down the road! 20591

  88. ADME Studies

    November 8, 2017 at 7:49 am

    142326 80420This really is 1 very interesting post. I like the way you write and I will bookmark your blog to my favorites. 587364

  89. mold removal

    November 1, 2017 at 5:02 pm

    663147 924161You should be a part of a contest 1st with the most effective blogs online. Let me suggest this weblog! 157352


    October 25, 2017 at 7:19 am

    845836 116029Right after study some with the blog posts within your web site now, and i genuinely such as your technique for blogging. I bookmarked it to my bookmark web site list and are checking back soon. Pls look into my internet web site likewise and make me aware what you consider. 836847

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

To Top